There may not be as many moving or individual parts within a septic tank as there are in something like a car, truck or other appliance, but that doesn’t mean that it isn’t responsible for doing just as much.
A septic tank only works when all of the individual parts are functioning properly. This isn’t hard to understand, but what can be difficult to learn is how the different parts work – and what they do. The more you know, the likelier it is that you will notice problems or issues as soon as they happen, instead of much later on down the line.
What Makes Up a Septic Tank?
While there are a few different builds for septic tanks, there is some consistency when it comes to the way they are constructed.
All septic tanks have septic holding tanks. This is where the liquids and solids go as they leave your home. This tank is where the “treatment” takes place, and where the solids are broken down. Common issues in this portion of the tank include cracks, breaks, and general wearing down.
Within the holding tank, aerobic septic systems contain a septic tank aerator. This is the part responsible for agitating the liquid, introducing more oxygen, and promoting bacterial growth. This part is constantly moving, which means that it will wear down. Examples of problems here are solids becoming entangled, the aerator motor breaking or seizing, or loss of power.
The septic tank baffle (or septic tank filter) is also located in this main chamber. It keeps the water flowing in the right direction, as well as keeps larger solids from going where they are not supposed to. Issues with the baffle often include getting jammed, blocked, or simply breaking.
There Are Parts Outside of the Septic Tank, Too
Most of your septic system is hidden beneath the ground, but there are some parts and pieces that are visible.
This includes the septic tank lids and risers, and in some cases, septic tank covers, too. Concrete septic tank lids are designed to withstand the elements over long periods of time, but they aren’t the only option. Septic lids are also constructed of heavy-duty plastic. Issues with the lids and risers include cracking, breaking, becoming loose or getting damaged.
Choosing the right options for your tank often depends on the location of it, your climate, and the length of time you want it to last. This is where talking to professionals comes in handy.
Learning What to Look For With Your Septic Tank
For new homeowners, it might seem overwhelming to have another thing to consider the status of, but over time, being mindful of your septic system becomes second nature.
If you don’t know where to start, consider asking a pro, or someone that also owns a septic tank. Pointers, tips, warning signs and even suggestions for taking action differ depending on who you talk to and what kind of system you have, but any information helps.
Don’t hesitate when it comes to learning – it’s a necessary part of owning a home with a septic tank.